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When you think about hiking and camping you probably thing about your tent or your tarp. Recreational hiking and camping is almost always going to include a tent of some kind.
Unless you go the route of the hammock. One of the best things to include in a hammock setup is a tarp to cover your area.
In a survival situation what becomes the better ally in the battle for shelter. Is it a tarp or a tent?
Tents have changed a lot recently and if you are willing to spend the money you can get an ultralight tent with very few moving parts. However, your average tent is going to come with those tent poles. Tears and broken poles can be an issue with tents.
Tears in tarps can be an issue also. Whether you are carrying a tent or a tarp, you need a repair option.
Tent coverage has got to be better than tarp coverage. Although hammocks can be tucked up under well hung tarps and be pretty effective.
In most cases carrying a tarp, some cordage and stakes is going to be the better move than a full size tent, in terms of weight. While modern tents are very light, they are going to be much heavier than a simple tarp and hammock.
Another great thing about having a tarp is that it has serious multifunctionality. You can use it to sleep under or to take shelter under but you can also use it to collect water or protect gear from a downpour. You can even wrap your pack in it if you are hiking through the rain.
This is a matter of preference but there are some arguments to be made for the survival tarp.