Homemade Dog Food – 8 Essential Ingredients

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Like human beings, dogs need a balanced diet. Just because your canine won’t resist any tasty food that he comes across, doesn’t mean that you should forego giving a broad variety of healthy foods. Here are a few ingredients you must add to your homemade dog food.

If you decide to make homemade dog food, you need to learn about 8 essential ingredients you should add in order for your dog to stay healthy.

A dog’s balanced diet is made of vital nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, fats, and minerals. They play an essential role in keeping the dog strong and healthy.

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Essential Nutrients to Include in Homemade Dog Food

 Homemade dog food should have all the essential nutrients. In order to know the right ingredients to add to your dog’s diet, you need to know the nutrients your dog needs. Here are the vital nutrients that should be in a dog’s homemade food:

Proteins and amino acids: These are the building blocks of the body cells. They help in the growth and development of muscles. The amino acids are also responsible for improving the dog’s immune system and stimulate the metabolism.

Carbohydrates: The primary role of carbohydrates is to give the dog energy. This nutrient keeps the dog moving and physically active.

Minerals: There are different types of metals that a dog needs. Your dog needs calcium to strengthen his bones and teeth.

Vitamins: Some of the vitamins that you should include in a dog’s homemade food include K, B12, B6 among others.

Nutritional Composition of Dog’s Diet

Although all dogs need the above nutrients, their dietary requirements differ depending on the age and stages of life (1). A puppy has different nutritional requirements from an old or reproduction dog.

As a dog owner, you need to take note of these differences to ensure that your canine gets the right quantity of nutrients.

Here is a breakdown of different nutritional requirements of dogs (2):

If you have a puppy, the homemade food should have 29% protein, 20% calories, 7% carbohydrates, 5% vitamins, 9% water and 4% minerals.

For an adult dog, the nutritional composition should be made of 26% protein, 40% carbohydrate, 16%fat, 10% water, 6% vitamins, and 6% fiber.

Important Ingredients to Include in Homemade Dog Food

 Many dog owners are usually torn between buying commercial dog food and preparing homemade dog food. There are lots of benefits that your dog can get from homemade food.

One of the benefits is you can be sure of the nutrients that your dog will be getting. All you need is to add the right ingredients that contain the specific nutrients.

Here are the eight essential ingredients that must be included in homemade dog food.

1. Eggs

 There is no doubt that eggs are rich in calcium and protein. For this reason, you should include them in your dog’s diet. Eggs contain two critical digestible proteins: selenium and riboflavin, which can increase the protein content in a dog’s food.

It is not advisable to feed your dog raw eggs as this can cause biotin deficiency (4). Instead, give him boiled eggs as they are easy to prepare. Scrambled eggs will cause no harm to your dog.

2. Meat

 Dogs are carnivores. In fact, it is the first food ingredient that should pop into your mind. The most popular types of meat that you can give your dog include chicken, beef, and pork.

When it comes to this ingredient, the debate is usually whether to give your canine cooked or raw meat. If you intend to add meat into dog food for puppies, consider cooking it. The digestion system of puppies is quite delicate hence they need something soft and tender.

Vets recommend that you should feed your dog on grass-fed meat instead of the grain-fed beef (5). This is because some grains contain dangerous hormones that can affect the dog’s health. 

3. Fish

 Fish contains some potent nutrient ingredients that play different roles in improving a dog’s overall health. Some of these nutrients include protein, fatty acids and vitamin D. Fish species that can make up a perfect dog’s food ingredients include tuna and salmon.

However, you need to be cautious with the proportion of fish that you use as ingredients. This is because some species such as tuna contain worrying levels of mercury. It is also advisable to go for boneless fish as this can protect the canine from getting choked.

 4. Yogurt

Yogurt is a rich source of protein and calcium, so don’t hesitate to add some to your dog’s bowl. Just be careful not to use flavored or sweetened yogurt as some flavors and sweeteners can be harmful to canines.

 5. Vegetables

Although they are carnivores, dogs can also devour green vegetables. A dog can easily eat popular green veggies such as spinach, green beans, and asparagus. This means that you should consider adding these greens in the dogs’ homemade food.

Greens are rich in several nutrients ranging from proteins to vitamins. They also contain essential nutrients that can promote the growth of your pooch. Apart from vitamins A, B, K, and E, green vegetables also contain some essential minerals such as iron and manganese.

Just like in human beings, some dogs loathe green vegetables. The trick here is to start by incorporating small quantities of greens into a  dog’s food. 

6. Carrots

Carrots are rich in vitamins, and fiber. They also contain low levels of calories. The vitamins in carrots can improve a dog’s, eyesight (6). Crunching carrots is also good for the dog’s teeth.

 7. Pumpkin

Pumpkin contains carotene and fiber. The leading role of these two nutrients is to streamline the digestion process. They ensure that all the food that your dog is eaten is adequately digested and utilized by the body. These nutrients can also reduce incidences of constipation and diarrhea.

 Both the canned and cooked pumpkin can do the job perfectly. You can also add pumpkin puree directly to the dog’s homemade food. Just be careful with the quantity, as too much pumpkin puree can make the dog obese.

 8. Fruits

Like vegetables, fruits are also good for dogs. Most fruits contain vitamins and minerals. These nutrients end up in the dog’s body to perform various roles.

Some fruits can improve the dog’s immune system while others assist in the digestion process. While preparing the fruits, remove all the seeds as they can end up harming the dog.

However, you should take note that not all fruits are beneficial to the dog. Some are toxic.

Some of the best fruits that can be used as ingredients for a dog’s food include:

  • apple
  • pears
  • blueberries
  • bananas
  • peaches
  • pineapple
  • watermelon


You have an indispensable part to play in ensuring that your puppy remains healthy and happy. The first step is to focus on the food that the pooch eats. Do not just feed the dog to suppress her hunger.

Check if the ingredients in the food will add any nutritional value. A healthy dog’s food should contain the above eight ingredients. If not, find a way of combining them into the food. From a more in-depth analysis, you will discover that each element in the dog’s diet has a unique role that it plays. By combining them, you can be sure that the food will have a significant impact on the canine’s health.


Ruby Smith is the proud owner of  Pet So Fun. She is also responsible for the abundant content creation on the website. She knows that there are millions of pet owners looking for the right kind of information online. And this is where her expertise lies. Smith writes about pet care health and fitness along with the best pet product recommendations. There is nothing on her blog that doesn’t encourage others to create a healthy and friendly environment for their pets.

Do you love making homemade dog food? Here are 8 ingredients you must include to keep your dog healthy. #dogfood #homemade #homemadedogfood #healhtydogfood #ilovemydog

Bonus: How to Make Pemmican, the Original Survival Food

Invented by the natives of North America pemmican was used by Indian scouts as well as early western explorers.

Native Americans spent a great deal of time on the go and depended on having portable, high-energy, highly nutritious, and filling foods that would last for long periods of time without refrigeration.

Pemmican is a portable, long-lasting, high-energy food. It's made of lean, dried meat that's crushed into powder and mixed with hot, rendered fat. This makes it one of the ultimate foods to have stockpiled for when SHTF or disaster strikes.

Learn How to Make Pemmican

How To Make Pemmican: The Original Survival Food - If you're living through a disaster where you're on your feet a lot and don't have time to cook, one of the best foods you can eat is pemmican. It's packed full of fat and protein and can give you lots of steady energy throughout the day.

People really should avert their gaze from the modern survival thinking for just a bit and also look at how folks 150 years ago did it.

These guys were the last generation to practice basic things, for a living, that we call "survival skills" now.

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