SHTFPreparedness may collect a share of sales or other compensation from the links on this page.
Mushrooms are fleshy bodies of Kingdom Fungi that can be found growing on mossy bark of trees as well as the shady soil under the umbrage of some trees since they prefer damp and dark areas. Unlike other green plants that make their own food through the process of photosynthesis. Mushrooms get nutrients and energy from metabolizing dead and decaying organic matter or by simply absorbing nutrients from living plant roots.
A typical lifecycle of a mushroom begins with mycelium.which is a fungal colony that has white spider web-like fibers which can easily be found in soil and also other substrates. It spreads to search for both nutrients and water when an adequate environment is sourced from where small sizes of pinheads emerge above the ground.
Growing mushrooms at home
Before one decides to grow mushrooms at home, he or she must, first of all, choose the type of mushroom he or she intends to grow. Some of the popular mushroom types that one can choose include the following:
- Shiitake mushrooms
- Oyster mushrooms
- White button mushrooms
One also needs to buy spawn or spores of the mushroom type he or she wants to grow from a well-reputed dealer. There are also different growing mediums that can be used in the growing of mushrooms at home, e.g., the shitake mushrooms majorly require hardwood sawdust, white button mushrooms require composed manure, and the oyster mushrooms require straw.
Step by step guide
The easiest way of growing mushrooms at home is to simply buy a mushroom kit or even make your own using the following steps:
Get a shallow 8- gallon container that is made of plastic. Make some air holes on all sides of the container using a power drill.
Make one hole at the end of the container and follow the same level while creating others and leave a two inch space or gap between holes. After finishing one side of the container, turn it to the other side and repeat the same process.
Wash the whole growing container using 1 part bleach, 1 part water solution so as to sterilize the entire growing area and also kill any pests or bacteria that can be a threat to your mushrooms.
Fill the container using a 3-inch layer that consists of equal proportions of peat moss, potting soil, and sterile organic compost. Then smooth the top of this to make a flat and even surface.
Remove all stems from mushrooms that you purchased at the stores and place the caps with their gills down on a wax paper that is clean.
Wait until 24 hours are over for these caps to release spores that will be used for growing.
Add the soil mix to sealable envelope. With a lot of care, transfer all the mushroom spores collected to the sealable envelope for the purpose of storage.
Use a clear plastic wrap to cover the top of the container to be used for growing the mushrooms. Drill some holes in the plastic wrap to add air inlets. Finalize the growing kit with a water spray bottle used for misting the soil and also the growing instructions.
Planting the mushrooms
Now that you have your own kit, the next thing is to know how to plant the mushrooms. Below is a procedure for doing this:
- The plastic wrap that you placed on top of the container should be removed and then mist the top surface of the soil mixture up to a point whereby it becomes moist.
- The collected spores should then be spread evenly across the entire growing container. Then mist the spores lightly using the spray bottle.
- The plastic wrap should then be placed back to the top of the growing container. The container should then be taken to a low light area that has a temperature of approximately 75 degrees Fahrenheit. One of the areas where one can take the container is the under the kitchen sink.
- Mist the soil lightly on after two days so as to keep the soil damp. The white thread-like fibers also called mycelium should start appearing after 14 days of spore transplant. After this time duration, the mushrooms will start to sprout after a week or so.
- When the mushrooms mature, one can start harvesting them and thus leaving space for others to sprout easily. One must keep the soil moist for other mushrooms to sprout. It is also advisable that you fill the gaps left with compost to ensure that the mushrooms can be pulled out with the roots easily.
Nutritionally, some of the mushrooms are that are edible have low calories although they are very dense in nutrients. They are very excellent sources of B vitamins, like niacin, riboflavin, and pantothenic acid.
When mushrooms are exposed to sunlight, they become enriched with some large amounts of vitamin D. They are also good sources of selenium, potassium, ergothioneine, and copper according to studies done. Mushrooms generally have numerous benefits some of which are boosting immune system function, promoting good heart health and also fighting some dangerous diseases such as cancer among other benefits.
In conclusion, you will find that to grow own mushroom at home isn’t difficult in any way provided you follow the above-mentioned steps.
The process is very entertaining if you create interest. Mushrooms grown at home are often tastier and also have a high nutritional value than those bought in stores and will save money since you will perform most of the tasks required on your own.
Mushrooms as one type of foods that can be grown at home in any time, its cultivation require no special knowledge and is both quick and interesting. For those who have had worries on how to grow mushrooms at home should now make the decision and start right away so that they can have an extra source of nutritious food. Also, one should understand that different varieties of mushrooms have got different health benefits whereby some like the shiitake mushrooms are known to have a huge number of benefits to an individual’s body when taken.
Author Bio: This is Ella Wilson, the founder of TinyPlantation.com. I have a great interest in plants and gardens and I am fascinated with fruits and vegetables. I wish to share my passion with you through this website. Feel free to read my articles and guides and share them with others who might benefit from them. You can reach out to me anytime if you have questions.