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Even if you are supporting a small urban homestead, one of the things that can really add diversity to your homestead. If anyone is looking to make an immediate upgrade to a property, things like fruit and nut trees really make you look at your property differently.
Caring for fruit and nut trees comes with its own set of unique needs. You are going to have to protect those trees when you bring them onto your property as saplings. Small animals can eat away at the bark of these small trees. They are little baby trees to begin with.
On an annual basis, there will even be a bunch of things that you need to do to these trees to assure they are prolific. For fruit trees in particular you are going to need to remember to fertilize, deter pests in a method that you deem fit as well as pruning the trees back each year.
What is the point of pruning trees on your homestead?
You can stimulate shoot growth by pruning. It will protect your trees from disease by pruning back some of the damaged and injured parts of the tree. Most importantly this process helps create better quality fruit, and that’s the point.
There are many methods for pruning
The Central Leader System
Pears, apples, cherries will all enjoy a central leader or main trunk system where one trunk runs the show and small branches run off.
The Open Center System
In this system, great for peaches and nectarines, there is no leading trunk. Rather, you have a 5 or so branches that come off the man trunk of the tree and none are dominant.
The Modified Leader System
There is a powerful leader in this method but its going to offer up a few larger branches off that main leader.
If you wanna go in detail you can find videos on each of these methods and give your tree all that it deserves.